Sciatica pain (ปวดหลังร้าวลงขา, which is the term in Thai) is one of the most common conditions that affect plenty of people. It generally happens when the sciatica nerve that runs from your lower back down through the legs becomes irritated. This can lead to a lot of pain and discomfort. At times, you might have to go through mobility issues.

Causes Of Sciatica

One of the most common causes of sciatica is a slipped disc. It happens when the cushion-like discs between your vertebrae in the spine rupture. They can press against your sciatic nerve. It can lead to a lot of pain. Spinal stenosis, ideally, is a condition where your spinal canal narrows and also compresses your sciatic nerve. It causes a lot of pain and discomfort.

The piriformis muscle in your buttocks can irritate or compress the sciatic nerve. This condition is prominently known as piriformis syndrome, which can cause the pain.

Symptoms Of Sciatica

Pain is one of the most common symptoms of sciatica. It can range from mild to even severe and also radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve. You need to know that it is generally from the lower back down to the leg. If you have sciatic nerve issues, then you might experience numbness and tingling in your affected leg. This sensation can even go from the buttocks down to the toes.

In some cases, sciatica can also lead to muscle weakness in the affected leg. This weakness might make it very challenging for you to walk or even perform regular activities. If you suspect that you have sciatica issues, then you need to seek medical evaluation in time. Your doctors will conduct a physical examination and might order imaging tests, including X-rays or MRIs, to confirm your diagnosis. This evaluation will help you determine the underlying cause and severity of your sciatica issue. This will guide them in their treatment decisions.

Treatment Options

If you have mild to moderate sciatica pain, then you can manage it with conservative approaches like rest or physical therapy. You can also consume some over-the-counter medicines.

If you have severe pain, then a healthcare expert might prescribe strong medicines for you, like muscle relaxants or anti-inflammatories, to help you get rid of discomfort.

In some cases, doctors might prescribe corticosteroid injections in the affected area to reduce inflammation and pain. Besides medical treatment, self-care is very important. Regular exercise like stretches or strengthening exercises can help you improve your sciatica symptoms. Maintaining a healthy weight and proper posture can help you reduce the risk of developing or worsening sciatica. Furthermore, if you have sciatica issues, then you should avoid prolonged sitting and heavy lifting so that the condition doesn’t worsen.


Sciatica pain can be literally distressing, but by understanding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment, you can effectively manage it. Whether you are experiencing mild discomfort or severe physical pain, consulting with your doctor and practicing self-care can make a world of difference in your journey to get rid of the pain.

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Monday, Apr 15, 2024